Asset To Equity Ratio

asset/equity ratio

Financial ratios are created with the use of numerical values taken from financial statements to gain meaningful information about a company. A low equity ratio means that the company primarily used debt to acquire assets, which is widely viewed as an indication of greater financial risk. Equity ratios with higher value generally indicate that a company’s effectively funded its asset requirements with a minimal amount of debt. The equity ratio is a financial metric that measures the amount of leverage used by a company.

asset/equity ratio

The asset to equity ratio reveals the proportion of an entity’s assets that has been funded by shareholders. The inverse of this ratio shows the proportion of assets that has been funded with debt. For example, a company has $1,000,000 of assets and $100,000 of equity, which means that only 10% of the assets have been funded with equity, and a massive 90% has been funded with debt. In contrast, when the value is less than 1.00 means the company’s assets are less than the owner’s equity, which indicates the company likely to acquire those assets with equity.

Definition of Assets to Equity Ratio

A low asset-to-equity ratio indicates the company relies on equity capital to finance the growth of its assets. A ratio above 2 shows that debt contributes more to financing assets than equity. Determining individual financial ratios per period and tracking the change in their values over time is done to spot trends that may be developing in a company. For example, an increasing debt-to-asset ratio may indicate that a company is overburdened with debt and may eventually be facing default risk. Say that you’re considering investing in ABC Widgets, Inc. and want to understand its financial strength and overall debt situation.

This can be comforting for other investors because, inherently, it is believed that a higher proportion of the owner’s fund lowers the degree of risk in the business. However, a higher equity ratio also means that the company is not taking advantage of financial leverage to grow its business by using a higher amount of debt. A higher proportion of owner’s funding compared to debt funding attracts potential investors who are looking for viable companies to invest in. For creditors, a higher shareholder equity ratio is attractive since it shows the company is financially stable and should be able to pay off any debts advanced to it. Short-term debt also increases a company’s leverage, of course, but because these liabilities must be paid in a year or less, they aren’t as risky. If both companies have $1.5 million in shareholder equity, then they both have a D/E ratio of 1.

Understanding the Asset to Equity Ratio

The term “equity ratio” refers to the financial ratio that helps assess how much of the company’s assets are funded by the capital contributed by the shareholder. In other words, it aids the comparison of the capital contributed by the shareholders and the capital contributed by the creditors in accumulating the assets. Tim’s Tech Company is a new startup with a number of different investors.

  • When using D/E ratio, it is very important to consider the industry in which the company operates.
  • The 40% equity ratio implies shareholders contributed 40% of the capital used to fund day-to-day operations and capital expenditures, with creditors contributing the remaining 60%.
  • For example, a prospective mortgage borrower is more likely to be able to continue making payments during a period of extended unemployment if they have more assets than debt.
  • The second component inversely shows how leveraged the company is with debt.
  • The equity-to-asset ratio is one of the latter measurements, and is used to assess a company’s financial leverage.

The total assets component comprises the current assets (such as inventory and accounts receivable) and non-current assets (such as goodwill, equipment, and land). The shareholder equity ratio shows the level of a company’s reliance on borrowed funds. It shows the proportion of equity that is used to finance a company’s assets in relation to borrowed funds. Since the ratio indicates the proportion of the owner’s equity in the total value of the company’s assets, a higher ratio is desirable. When a company’s shareholder equity ratio approaches 100%, it means that the company has financed almost all of its assets with equity capital instead of taking on debt.


This is also true for an individual applying for a small business loan or a line of credit. If the business owner has a good personal D/E ratio, it is more likely that they can continue making loan payments until their debt-financed investment starts paying off. As a rule, short-term debt tends to be cheaper than long-term debt and is less sensitive to shifts in interest rates, meaning that the second company’s interest expense and cost of capital are likely higher. If interest rates are higher when the long-term debt comes due and needs to be refinanced, then interest expense will rise.

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A low ratio indicates asset growth is financed conservatively, which is common for companies with small and unstable cash inflows. Adding debt can worsen their finances unless they can add more money with it. The equity ratio is a very common financial ratio, especially in Central Europe and Japan, while in the US the debt to equity ratio is more often used in financial (research) reports. There is no ideal Asset to Equity ratio value but it is valuable in comparing to similar businesses.

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